Coincidence Helps Expand Cornerstone of Physics

Atomic nuclei and electrons in solids influence each other’s motion – and they do so not only in rare exceptional cases, as previously believed. The discovery was made by Scientists from Forschungszentrum Jülich and Technische Universität München. The effect could be useful for data processing or for lossless transmission of electric current.

Five Facts About City Air

Germany has been discussing this for quite some time. But the debate about nitrogen oxides is complicated. Here, Dr. Franz Rohrer and his colleagues from IEK-8 can help. They investigate how emissions from transport affect air quality. We have compiled five exciting facts and findings.

Drifting Interstellar Worlds Could be the Seeds of New Planets

Interstellar objects the size of skyscrapers such as ʻOumuamua, discovered two years ago, could help new star systems to quickly form planets. This is the result of a recent study by the Jülich Supercomputing Centre together with Queen’s University Belfast. Myriads of such asteroids are likely drifting through our Milky Way.

High-Tech Material in a Salt Crust

MAX phases are viewed as promising materials for the future. A new method developed by scientists from Forschungszentrum Jülich now makes it possible to produce this desirable material class on an industrial scale for the first time: a crust of salt protects the raw material from oxidation at a production temperature of more than 1,000 degrees Celsius.

Yes, it does matter

An international team of neuroscientists have been reviewing the evidence on gender bias in their field. Their findings—together with proposed solutions on various levels—are now published in the European Journal of Neuroscience. In support of these findings, the paper has been signed by a number of leading neuroscientists.

There's more!

Once all the peppers have been picked, the last leg of the leaves’ and stems’ journey takes them to the compost heap. Researchers from Jülich, Aachen and Bonn don’t think that this needs to be the case. They are investigating whether valuable substances can be extracted from the unused plant leftovers for use in medicine, cosmetics and the food industry.



Dr. Marlene Bamberg vor dem DEEP-EST-Prototyp am JSC

Prototype for Future Modular Supercomputers

Jülich, 6 May 2019 – Forschungszentrum Jülich is this year launching a new test system for future modular supercomputers that will be specifically designed for scientific analyses and simulations. Such supercomputers will consist of several modules that can be combined with each other.

Jun.-Prof. Jesus Gonzalez-Julian

What’s your research all about?

More than 2,000 scientists work at Forschungszentrum Jülich. At more than 80 different institutes, they search for new insights in their respective fields and often go unconventional ways. Year after year, they publish their results in thousands of articles, initiate research projects or file new patents. Reason enough to look straight at the laboratory or the desks of individual researchers and ask: what’s your research all about?

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The Scientists' view
Stickoxid-Rechner zeigt Messwerte für jede Station in Deutschland an


A flight over Forschungszentrum Jülich

Research topics

Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer’s disease

Identifizierung von Amyloid-beta-Oligomeren

The Structural Biochemistry division (ICS-6) combines fundamental structural biological research with applied clinical research. The molecular basis of the disease is being decoded by the research group led by Professor Dieter Willbold, using extremely high-resolution structural biological methods such as NMR spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography and cryo-electron microscopy, as well as simulations run on Jülich’s supercomputers. The Institute is one of the world’s leading centres for basic research. The Institute is also developing an innovative therapy strategy using an in-house developed drug candidate that eliminates Aβ oligomers.
The Molecular Organization of the Brain division (INM-2) investigates metabolic and neurochemical processes that underlie neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s. The main objective of the clinical research conducted by Professor Andreas Bauer’s team is the development of highly specific neurochemical indicators for brain diseases.

More: Alzheimer’s disease …



Identifizierung von Amyloid-beta-Oligomeren

Long-term energy storage is one of the key challenges for the success of the Energy Transition. The lithium-ion battery continues to be the standard for mobile applications. Researchers at Forschungszentrum Jülich are working on increasing its performance and improving its safety. But they are also pursuing other approaches, such as solid-state batteries with ceramic ion conductors and various types of metal-air batteries. Together with the Central Institute of Engineering, Electronics and Analytics (ZEA), researchers from the Institute of Energy and Climate Research (IEK) are developing and optimising a range of battery concepts for different areas of application.

More: Batteries …

Big Data

Big Data

Kabel und Module des Supercomputers QPACE

The use of Big Data technology is one of the most important trends in the 21st century. The digitalisation of all areas of life brings with it the amassing of vast amounts of data. Businesses and industry use this data to obtain new information – to make predictions, optimise industrial processes or tailor products to customer needs. Big Data problems are also becoming increasingly important in the world of science. Such data often come from different sources. Corresponding datasets tend to be so large and complex or so poorly structured and with such a high level of uncertainty that they can no longer be adequately processed using conventional methods. For example, Big Data analysis plays a key role in medicine when it comes to decoding complex interrelations as the cause of diseases.

More: Big Data …

Fuel Cells

Fuel cells

Kabel und Module des Supercomputers QPACE

Fuel cells use electrochemical reactions to convert hydrogen or hydrogen-rich fuels into electricity, making them environmentally friendly and efficient sources of energy. Three types of fuel cells are being developed at the Forschungszentrum Jülich: solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), high-temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cells (HT-PEFC) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC). Their different properties and operating conditions make them suitable for a range of different applications, such as in heavy goods vehicles, aircraft or combined heat and power plants.

More: Fuel cells …

Energy Transition

The Energy Transition

Blaue Solaranlage auf Ziegeldach vor blauem Himmel

Solving the global energy problem is considered the foremost challenge of the 21st century. In addition to research into renewable energy sources, batteries, fuel cells and hydrogen as an energy storage and transport mechanism, researchers at the Forschungszentrum Jülich are also working on a number of cross-disciplinary projects.

More: The Energy Transition …


Hydrogen as energy storage


Hydrogen is a widely usable source of energy. It can be stored and transported over long distances, processed into liquid fuels or used directly as a fuel with the help of fuel cells. Hydrogen can be obtained through the electrochemical separation of water – water electrolysis.

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Information Storage and Processing

Information Storage and Processing

Resistive Speicher

The Peter Grünberg Institute (PGI) pursues a number of approaches to increase the energy efficiency, performance, and speed of data storage technologies. To this end, scientists investigate physical phenomena and the properties of materials and materials combinations on the nanoscale, such as in semiconductors and oxides. This work serves as basic research for the development of components and component designs for computer chips. The scientists also keep a look out for materials suitable for entirely new physical phenomena, which could be used to store data.

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umgepflügter Ackerboden mit Bäumen im Hintergrund

Germany has a problem: there is too much nitrate in the groundwater as well as in the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. In most cases, the agricultural sector is the culprit, spreading too much liquid manure and mineral fertilizer on fields.

More: Nitrate …

Quantum Computers

Quantum computers

Chipstrukturen vor blauem Hintergrund. Bild: Tomasz Zajda - fotolia

Jülich scientists are making significant contributions to the development of quantum computers. In future these may be able to perform certain tasks faster and more efficiently than is possible with conventional supercomputers. The technology, which for a long time has been merely the stuff of science fiction, has now reached the threshold of market entry. Several leading international companies have joined the race to develop the first universal quantum computer.

More: Quantum computers …

Renewable Resources

Renewable resources for the bioeconomy

In der Pflanzenforschung setzen Wissenschaftler ein Oktokopter bzw. eine Vermessungsdrohne im Freien ein.

Renewable resources play a key role in the bioeconomy. Biobased economy is all about creating opportunities to feed a growing world population, produce fuel from suitable biomass and convert industrial production processes such that they rely as little as possible on crude oil. This requires the development of new bio-based value chains, for example to create basic chemical building blocks for industry.

More: Renewable resources for the bioeconomy …



Künstliche Photosynthese

Photovoltaics provides an inexhaustible, clean source of energy. However, the efficiency levels achieved are still relatively low, in particular for solar cells of the kind used in conventional roof and field systems. A number of alternatives to the widely used standard silicon solar cells are being researched at the Photovoltaics division (IEK-5).

More: Photovoltaics …



ag_rehabilitation of cognitive impairments

Strokes have been the leading cause of permanent disability in Europe and the United States for many years. According to the German Society for Neurology, approximately 260,000 people suffer a stroke in Germany every year. Several teams in the Cognitive Neuroscience (INM-3) division of the Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine are researching how strokes affect the structure and function of the brain. It has been observed that strokes affect not only motor skills but also cognitive abilities such as alertness, speech and motor function. When this occurs, the brain is able to compensate for the functions lost as a result of the stroke, reconfiguring itself. Scientists at the Institute are working with the Clinic for Neurology at the University of Cologne to determine exactly how this happens and how these processes can be supported by special external procedures.

More: Strokes …



JUWELS blau beleuchtet in der Rechnerhalle des JSC, fotografiert aus der Froschperspektive

Supercomputers have been established as indispensable tools in science. Computer simulations open the door to advances not possible via the conventional route of theory and experimentation. For instance, simulations on supercomputers are needed to validate scientific models in physics, climate research or neuroscience. At the same time, they provide new insights into the properties and structure of materials and biomolecules, as well as the sequence of biological and chemical processes.

More: Supercomputers …