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43rd IFF Spring School

Scattering Methods for Condensed Matter Research:
Towards Novel Applications at Future Sources

5-16 March 2012 . Jülich . Germany



The IFF Spring School 2012 will provide a solid introduction to the basics of scattering methods, starting from the interaction processes of X-rays and neutrons with matter via scattering theory and the application of correlation functions. An overview will be given of our current understanding of the structure of crystals and complex fluids, the dynamics of disordered systems and large molecules, and the collective excitations in crystalline matter. Building on this firm foundation, we will then proceed to introduce sources and instrumentation, present-day synchrotron-radiation sources and reactor-based neutron sources as well as modern and future pulsed sources, such as free electron lasers and neutron spallation sources. The two European flagship projects, XFEL and ESS, will be highlighted. Out of the enormous range of modern scattering techniques, some of the most advanced will be presented in detail. In this block, we will focus on techniques applicable to topical investigation, such as
nanostructures, biological or correlated-electron systems. To prepare students for research at these future sources, innovative scattering techniques at pulsed spallation sources or free electron lasers will be introduced. Examples of topical applications in various fields of science will allow the students to connect what they have learned to their own research. We will point out the application of scattering methods for the grand challenges in information technology, energy materials and life sciences. The course will be rounded off by a comparison of scattering methods with complementary techniques, such as real space imaging.



Topics of the lectures include:

  • Interaction of X-rays, neutrons and electrons with matter,
  • Scattering theory and correlation functions,
  • Collective excitations in crystalline matter,
  • Dynamics of large molecules,
  • Sources and instrumentation for synchrotron and neutron
  • The European projects free electron laser XFEL and
    the spallation source ESS,
  • Innovative scattering techniques at these future sources,
  • Application of scattering techniques to study superconductivity,
    polymer dynamics, nanostructures, protein crystallography, energy materials, …
  • Complementary techniques.