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Taking into account the power requirements and process-related emissions, German industry is responsible for roughly one-third of Germany’s greenhouse gas emissions (GHG emissions). In order to considerably reduce the GHG emissions in addition to increasing the usage of renewable power in this sector, the heat supply must be made more efficient with reduced emissions and the process emissions can be improved by switching to alternative methods and processes. The resulting change in the demand of energy and raw materials will lead to a stronger coupling of the power generation and the industrial sectors, wherein synergies can occur particularly in regards to the fluctuating supply of renewable energy.

The research in the department of Process and System Analysis (VSA) includes the following focuses:

  • Techno-economic analysis for the substitution of fossil fuels with a focus on CO2 utilization in the chemical industry as well as raw material path with renewable hydrogen.
  • Techno-economic analysis of alternative processes and methods for CO2 reduction, with an emphasis on energy-intensive industrial processes and CO2 separation from fossil power plant by means of membranes and chemical washing.
  • Analysis of the future heat and electricity industry and potential of energy supply with the future target for generating space- and time-resolved data.

The analyses are supported by process design, layout and simulations using Aspen Plus® and CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulation software. The calculated power loadings of industrial processes provide in turn an important input for other research focuses in the VSA.

Industry SystemCopyright: IEK-3, Forschungszentrum Jülich