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PGI Colloquium: Prof. Dr. Chris Leighton, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA

Online Talk

Please note: You will receive the link to the online talk in the e-mail invitation, usually sent out a few days before the lecture takes place. It is also available on request from the contact person below.

07 May 2021 14:00

Ionically-Controlled Ferromagnetism


Recently, incorporation of electrolytes (e.g., ionic liquids) into field-effect transistors has been shown to enable electric double layer transistors, which can induce large (1015 cm-2) carrier densities at surfaces. These correspond to substantial fractions of an electron or hole per unit cell in most materials, sufficient to electrically control electronic phase transitions. While this has stimulated much interest, challenges remain, including understanding mechanisms (electrostatic vs. electrochemical [1]), developing operando characterization methods, and assessing the full power and universality of the approach.

BildCopyright: Prof. Dr. Leighton

Here, I review our work applying electrolyte gating using solid ion gels [1-6] to oxides and sulfides, focused on voltage-controlled magnetism. The latter is important, bearing potential for novel, low-power data storage and processing. Our findings greatly clarify electrostatic vs. electrochemical mechanisms, showing that electrostatic gating vs. oxygen vacancy creation/annihilation can be understood based on bias polarity, and the enthalpy of formation and diffusivity of oxygen vacancies [1-6].

Such understanding was developed from application of operando probes, particularly synchrotron X-ray diffraction [3] and absorption/dichroism [6], and polarized neutron reflectometry [3,5]. Electrical control of magnetism in perovskite La1-xSrxCoO3-d is then demonstrated in both electrochemical [3] and electrostatic [2,4,5] modes, reversibly modulating Curie temperatures over >200 K windows. Most recently, this has been advanced beyond electrical modulation of ferromagnets, or electrical induction of ferromagnetism from antiferro- or para-magnetic states, demonstrating reversible voltage-induced ferromagnetism in a diamagnet, using FeS2 as a model system [7]. 

[1] C. Leighton, Nat. Mater. 18, 13 (2019).

[2] J. Walter, H. Wang, B. Luo and C. Leighton, ACS Nano 10, 7799 (2016).

[3] J. Walter, G. Yu, B. Yu, A. Grutter, B. Kirby, J. Borchers, Z. Zhang, H. Zhou, T. Birol, M. Greven, and C. Leighton, Phys. Rev. Materials 1, 071403(R) (2017).

[4] P.P. Orth, R.M. Fernandes, J. Walter, C. Leighton and B.I. Shklovskii, Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 106801 (2017).

[5] J. Walter, T. Charlton, H. Ambaye, M. Fitzsimmons, P. Orth, R. Fernandes, B. Shklovskii and C. Leighton, Phys. Rev. Materials 2, 111406(R) (2018).

[6] B. Yu, G. Yu, J. Walter, V. Chaturvedi, J. Gotchnik, J. Freeland, C. Leighton and M. Greven, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 201905 (2020).

[7] J. Walter, B. Voigt, E. Day-Roberts, T. Birol, R. Fernandes and C. Leighton, Sci. Adv. 6, eabb7721 (2020).


PD Dr Oleg Petracic
Phone: +49 2461 61-4519
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